Researchers have found that certain foods and dietary patterns help in preventing and also controlling diabetes.
In a study conducted by Joslin Diabetes Center and Harvard School of Public Health, researchers have found that nutrition can be used as a medicine to control diabetes.
They found that people who ate Mediterranean diet with foods such as olive oil, whole grains, leafy vegetables and fruits had a lower risk of developing diabetes even when they did not lose weight.
Foods such as oat cereal, yogurt and dairy products, green leafy vegetables, grapes, apples, walnuts were associated with reduced diabetes risk. Drinking coffee and even decaffeinated coffee were also associated with lower type II diabetes risk.
Foods associated with a higher risk of diabetes include red and processed meat, sugar-sweetened beverages, and refined grains such as white flour.
Recent studies have shown that eating the right kind of fat is beneficial to health.
Thus, a variety of eating plans including, Mediterranean diet, low carbohydrate/low glycemic index and high protein diets, improved glycemic control and lowered risk of cardiovascular health in patients with diabetes than control diets.
The Joslin nutritional guidelines for diabetes recommend a diet with relatively high amounts of healthy fats and protein but moderately low amounts of carbohydrates.