The chances of developing cancer depend on the lifestyle choices. In order to reduce the risk of developing cancer, here are five simple tips:
Don’t use tobacco
Using tobacco increases the risk of developing cancer. Smoking has been linked to various types of cancer such as lung cancer, bladder cancer, cervical cancer, and cancer in the kidney region. Chewing of tobacco causes oral and pancreatic cancer. Hence avoiding tobacco and smoking is an important part of cancer prevention.
Eat a healthy diet
Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Also include other foods from plant sources such as whole grains and beans in the diet. Try to limit fat by choosing low-fat foods because high-fat foods, especially from animal sources tend to be higher in calories and might increase the risk of obesity, which, in turn, can increase cancer risk.
Maintain a healthy weight and be physically active
Maintaining a healthy weight might help to lower the risk of various types of cancer, including breast, prostate, lung, colon and kidney cancer.
Physical activity also helps in reducing the risk of cancers, especially breast and colon cancer. To get substantial health benefits, at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes a week of vigorous aerobic physical activity is essential.
Protect yourself from the sun
Skin cancer is one of the most common kinds of cancer and one of the most preventable. Avoid midday sun. Stay out of the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. cover exposed areas. Wear tightly woven, loose-fitting clothing that covers as much of the skin as possible. Opt for bright or dark colours which reflect more ultraviolet radiation than bleached cotton. Avoid tanning beds and sunlamps. They are also as damaging as natural sunlight.
Cancer prevention includes protection from certain viral infections. For example, Hepatitis B can increase the risk of developing liver cancer. Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted virus that can lead to cervical and other genital cancers as well as squamous cell cancers of the head and neck. Hence getting immunized against some of these infections help to reduce the risk of developing various types of cancer.